POE Switches: Vehicle & Rail

Vehicle POE switches are designed specifically for use in the mobiles applications and compliment the Nexcom Vehicle PCs. Supporting wide input voltage and wide operating temperature, the 4+1 and 8+1 models offer 15W/port power and are suitable for powering a range of cameras, RF ID readers or other POE devices. They also add extra robustness by DIP switch selectable power on/off delays and low voltage detect. If you need assistance to find the right solution that best suits your requirements or need something unique, get in touch with our team today. Power over Ethernet (PoE) switches have become a fundamental technology for vehicles and rail systems, providing robust and efficient network solutions. These switches are designed to supply both data connection and electrical power to devices such as IP cameras, sensors, and wireless access points, using a single Ethernet cable.

In-Vehicle POE Switches

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  1. VES31 4/8 PoE+ Port + 2GbE Unmanaged GbE Vehicle Switch
    VES31 4/8 PoE+ Port + 2GbE Unmanaged GbE Vehicle Switch

    An unmanaged, fanless mobile PoE switch designed for telematics applications in harsh environments

    Key Features:

    • 4/8 x IEEE 802.3af/at-compliant Gigabit Ethernet ports, 120W
    • 4/8 PoE+ standard + 2 x Gigabit Ethernet ports
    • Low battery voltage protection
    • Jumbo frame support (up to 9216 Bytes)
    • CE/FCC/UKCA/E13 mark certification
    • Wide power input range 9~36VDC
    • -40~70°C operating temperature
    • Ignition power on/off support
    • Power on/off delay time setting
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What are POE Switches?


A PoE switch is a device that consolidates the functionalities of a switch and a power source into a single unit. Equipped with multiple Ethernet ports, it facilitates the connection of various devices such as VoIP phones, wireless access points, and IP cameras. This switch takes on the role of providing power to these connected devices, effectively eliminating the need for separate power cables. PoE network switches find utility in network setups where power outlets are limited or when devices are positioned in challenging, inaccessible locations.

PoE switches are powered by a technology called Power over Ethernet, which is where the acronym PoE takes its name. PoE allows the simultaneous transmission of data and electrical power through Ethernet cables. Achieved through a combination of a power source and power injectors, PoE ensures the seamless delivery of power to connected devices. Acting as intermediaries between the power source and devices, power injectors play a pivotal role in transmitting both data and power effectively.

The three key distinctions between Power over Ethernet switches and regular switches lie in PoE switches' ability to deliver both data and power over a single cable, their flexibility in device placement without relying on nearby power outlets, and the consequential reduction in cable clutter by utilizing a unified cable for data and power transmission.

Ethernet PoE switches play a crucial role in the deployment of IP cameras, especially in scenarios such as rail and vehicle applications, where separate power cables often pose challenges. A PoE switch for rails can remedy this by transmitting both data and power over a single Ethernet cable, simplifying the setup for moving vehicles.

Besides IP cameras, PoE switches find diverse applications, powering devices such as VoIP phones, wireless access points, access control systems, and LED lighting. They are also used in the world of automobiles; vehicle PoE switches facilitate streamlined connectivity in mobile environments, such as buses or trains, by providing both data and power over a single Ethernet cable, simplifying the deployment of devices like IP cameras and enhancing overall system efficiency.

In short, industrial PoE switches are as ubiquitous as they are integral, empowering seamless connectivity and power delivery for a wide array of devices in industrial settings, from surveillance cameras to factory automation equipment.


How many ports does a PoE switch have?


PoE switches come in various port configurations to suit different network requirements, including the 4 port PoE switch , 8 port PoE switch, the 16 port PoE switch, the 24 port PoE switch, and the 48 port PoE switch, among others. The specific port count you choose depends on the scale of your network and the number of powered devices you need to connect. Larger networks with numerous devices may benefit from switches with higher port counts, while smaller setups or those with fewer connected devices might find lower port counts sufficient. The flexibility in port configurations allows for scalability and customization based on the unique demands of the network deployment.


Types of PoE Switches


The Unmanaged PoE Switch –

Unmanaged PoE switches provide straightforward plug-and-play functionality, ideal for simple deployments where basic connectivity and power delivery are sufficient.

The Managed PoE Switch –

Managed PoE switches offer advanced features such as remote configuration and monitoring, enabling administrators to optimize network performance and troubleshoot issues.

PoE+ Switch –

PoE+ switches, compliant with IEEE 802.3at, deliver higher power budgets per port compared to standard PoE switches, accommodating devices with greater power requirements.

PoE++ Switches –

PoE++ switches, based on IEEE 802.3bt, further elevate power capabilities, suitable for high-performance devices like PTZ cameras and pan-tilt-zoom surveillance systems, making them crucial for robust and power-intensive network setups.


PoE vs. PoE+ vs. PoE++ Switch: Which to Choose?


When choosing a PoE switch, it's important to evaluate your application needs, taking into account the features and constraints of the PoE network switch. You should also factor in the power demands of your connected devices. Certain PoE network switches are tailored to supply power to devices requiring up to 30 watts, while others are specifically designed for devices with power demands reaching up to 60 watts.

As such, when selecting your Power over Ethernet switch, the choice between PoE, PoE+, and PoE++ depends on your device's power requirements and the scale of your network. Standard PoE (802.3af) is typically suitable for basic devices with lower power needs, such as IP phones and low-resolution cameras, and can offer up to 15.4 watts per port. PoE+ (802.3at) steps up the power delivery, and is ideal for devices like high-end vehicle IP cameras and Wi-Fi access points. It provides up to 30 watts per port. PoE++ (802.3bt) is ideal for demanding devices with substantial power needs, such as PTZ cameras and advanced surveillance systems. PoE++ delivers up to 60 or 100 watts per port, depending on the implementation.

You should always consider your device requirements and network scale to make an informed decision before you buy. You may find you need something with increased power for more demanding applications, ensuring your network is adequately powered for optimal performance, or may simply find that you can get by very happily with a standard model.

Besides the switch type and your power requirements, certain other features may require consideration before you make your choice. Such factors include port speed, counting the maximum achievable speed for each port, and ensuring compatibility with connected devices. Port types like RJ45, SFP, and SFP+ should align with the requirements of connected devices, and power saving features, such as automatic port shutdown for unused ports, may contribute to energy efficiency and cost reduction. Port security features also play a vital role in safeguarding connected devices against unauthorized access, so should also be prioritized in your decision making process.


Benefits of PoE Switches


Ultimately, PoE switches simplify network installations by combining power and data transmission over a single cable, reducing the need for additional power sources. This streamlined approach enhances flexibility, reduces cable clutter, and enables cost-effective and efficient deployment of devices such as IP cameras, access points, and VoIP phones.


How to select the Right PoE Switch for Rails & Vehicles?


Choosing the right vehicle PoE switch, or PoE switch for rails, involves a consideration of the unique challenges of mobile environments. You should prioritize features such as shock and vibration resistance, an adequate temperature range, and a rugged enclosure to ensure durability during transit. You should also assess the power budget, port count, and flexibility of the switch to meet the diverse needs of connected devices within confined spaces. Compliance with industry standards, remote management capabilities, and integration with vehicle systems are crucial considerations. Additionally, always opt for a reputable PoE switch vendor who can offer reliable products, support, and warranty options, ensuring the selected PoE switch is well-suited for the dynamic demands of rail and vehicle deployments.